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王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造案例

时间:2018-06-21  来源:   编辑:   浏览:491次
地处浙江杭州西南部的松阳县,有着400多个下属的村庄,沿松阴河及周边山区延伸至山谷,周围有着丰富的自然风貌与传统的农业景观。被规划为工业区的王村如今已完全被现代化的工厂所围绕。在走进村庄之时,仍旧可以辨认出旧建筑的肌理。

被规划为工业区的王村如今已完全被现代化的工厂所围绕。在走进村庄之时,仍旧可以辨认出旧建筑的肌理。许多3-4层的灰色水泥建筑物,以及大部分的老夯土墙房屋皆已失修多年。很难想象,这里曾经是松阳县最兴旺、历史最为丰富的村庄。松阳历史上最重要的人物之一,明朝的大学士王景便出生于王村,他曾参与《永乐大典》的纂修。

Wang village has been zoned as an industrial area for many years. This ancient village is completely buried up by surrounding modern factories. Once you walk into the village, you could still identify the old fabric but many houses are 3-4 story grey cement buildings, and most of the old rammed-earth wall houses are in poor condition. It was hard to picture how it was once the most prosperous village in Songyang with a glorious history.

▼鸟瞰图,aerial view

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

松阳历史上最重要的人物之一,明朝的大学士王景便出生于王村,他曾参与《永乐大典》的纂修。村民们谈到王景时总是难掩自豪之情,而这一宝贵的文化遗产也正是村庄复兴的出发点所在。按照计划,建筑师将在村子中央的祠堂对面建造一座王景纪念堂。加上附近的松阴溪景区和石门桥古迹,该区域将成为一处独特的文化和旅游胜地。

One of the most important figures in Songyang history, Wangjing, was from this village. Wangjing was an Imperial Scholar in Ming Dynasty and the chief editor of "Yongle Ency-clopedia"the world's largest encyclopedia from six hundred years ago. The pride from villagers when talking about Wangjing has always been inspiring: this cultural heritage is the starting point to revitalize this village. A memorial for Wangjing is planned in the village center facing ancestor's hall. With the nearby Songyin River scenic landscape and Shimen lounge bridge, together this area could become a unique cultural and touristic attraction.

▼建筑外观,exterior view

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

▼屋顶露台可用于观景和举行活动,the rooftop provides a raised platform for open views and activities

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

首先,建筑被按照村落的肌理分为几个不同的体量。记载着王景生平16个重要阶段的纪念柱以及1个引言纪念柱被布局在建筑的不同节点。其中王景归乡的两个场景被放置在面向村庄和祠堂的位置。精雕细琢的纪念柱以混凝土作为主要结构,并处在良好的光照之下。这17个节点兼顾了结构性与纪念性,共同讲述了王景传奇的一生。17座混凝土体量外部包覆着夯土墙壁,并一直延伸至屋顶之外,呼应了村庄内其他建筑的外形。纪念堂的屋顶提供了一处抬高的露台,能够用于观景和举行活动。

Our design first started with dividing the building into multiple volumes fitting with the village fabric. With a research into the timeline of Wangjing's life, 16 key moments plus a preface are carefully planned to overlap with building corners. Two key moments when Wangjing returned hometown has been placed facing village and ancestor's hall. Each corner is a concrete vertical volume as structure, light well, and stone niches with relief sculptures. These 17 nodes become structural corners as well as memorial corners. Together these corners are a stage play of Wangjing's life and legend. All 17 concrete volumes are wrapped by ram earth walls on ground level and extruding from the rooftop, a humble exterior image similar to the village form with old and new houses. The rooftop provides a raised platform for open views and activities.

▼纪念柱被布局在建筑中的不同节点,the?moments are carefully planned to overlap with building corners

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

▼混凝土体量外部包覆着夯土墙壁并一直延伸至屋顶之外,all 17 concrete volumes are wrapped by ram earth walls on ground level and extruding from the rooftop

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

▼纪念柱细部,detailed view

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

▼场地平面图,site plan

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/

▼屋顶平面图,roof plan

"王景纪念堂,浙江松阳某村庄的改造/


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